Today it is often used in ethnically mixed urban areas as a common form of communication among people who have not had formal education in English. Because there is little feeling of national unity among Nigeria's people, there is little in terms of national symbolism.
What exists was usually created or unveiled by the government as representative of the nation. The flag is divided vertically into three equal parts; the center section is white, flanked by two green sections.
The Niger and Benue Rivers come together in the center of the country, creating a "Y" that splits Nigeria into three separate sections.
In general, this "Y" marks the boundaries of the three major ethnic groups, with the Hausa in the north, the Yoruba in the southwest, and the Igbo in the southeast.
The small ethnic groups living along the coast, such as the Ijaw and the Kalabari, are forced to keep their villages small due to lack of dry land.
The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the 1890s.Other smaller groups include the Fulani, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio, Tiv, and Edo.Prior to their conquest by Europeans, these ethnic groups had separate and independent histories.The dry, open grasslands of the savanna make cereal farming and herding a way of life for the Hausa and the Fulani.The wet tropical forests to the south are good for farming fruits and vegetables—main income producers for the Yoruba, Igbo, and others in this area.